Germany Travel Guide

Germany Overview

Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany ), is a federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe consisting of 16 constituent states, which retain limited sovereignty, and covering an area of 357,021 square kilometres with a largely temperate seasonal climate. Its capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany is a major economic and political power of the European continent and a historic leader in many cultural, theoretical and technical fields. Various Germanic tribes have occupied what is now northern Germany and southern Scandinavia since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented by the Romans before AD 100. During the Migration Period that coincided with the decline of the Roman Empire, the Germanic tribes expanded southward and established kingdoms throughout much of Europe. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of t

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